When buying a new home in Israel, among the important considerations are the directions of exposure (kivunei avir) of the apartment. As with most issues in Israel, everyone has a strong opinion about which exposures are preferable.
Before we talk about opinions, let’s look at some facts:
- The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. Presuming there is nothing blocking your window, you will get morning sun in the east and afternoon sun in the west.
- Since Israel is located north of the Equator, a southern exposure will get more sun throughout most of the day than other exposures. A northern exposure will not receive any direct sunlight.
- The angle of the sun relative to the earth is such that the sun is lower in the sky in the winter and higher in the sky in the summer. That means that at any given time of day, the sun will reach further into your room in the winter months than in the summer.
- Comfort is a function of temperature, humidity, and air exchange. You’re not going to radically change the temperature of your home unless you have a heating or cooling system. And unless you’re an absolute tree-hugger, it’s not likely that you’ll forego such a system. But if you plan your home such that these systems need not be used frequently, your energy bills will be lower.
With advances in technology, many home-buyers ignore the importance of exposure. Why worry about exposures when I can control the situation with air conditioning, curtains, and insulated windows? However, as we begin to understand the importance of working with nature rather than controlling it, choosing correct exposures becomes an important factor in home design.
Some simple tips when considering exposures:
- If you’re afraid of summer heat caused by a southern exposure, a retractable cover on your outdoor porch area will have you covered! An electric, sliding aluminum shade, a wooden pergola covered in bamboo rolls, or even an awning will prevent the heat from entering the home and the air conditioner will work more efficiently. This could be even more energy-efficient than a curtain on the inside since the sun’s rays do not enter the home. And in the winter, keep it open and you will find that when the sun is out, it is very strong and will give you plenty of heat inside the home.
- In most areas in Israel, the prevailing winds are north-south. If you only have two exposures, as in many attached homes (townhouses), a north-south exposure can give you good natural airflow.
- To improve airflow where the natural orientation does not encourage it, a ceiling fan can be a good solution. However, a ceiling fan is not a magic all-purpose solution. We do NOT recommend ceiling fans in the kitchen or dining room. A ceiling fan over your dining room table will cool the hot food before it gets eaten. And there are few things less appetizing than a ceiling fan in the kitchen caked with grease and soot which will happen on a kitchen ceiling fan in a short time. A better solution for kitchen ventilation is an exhaust system in the cooking areas.
- A ceiling fan in a bedroom or living room can provide airflow that can turn a space from unbearable to pleasantly comfortable. And a ceiling fan will not dry the air as will an air conditioner.
- Because space is so critical in Israel, many people use converted storage rooms or porches as living space. And, as some of these spaces have lowered ceilings, and may not have windows, a ceiling fan is often considered the solution to turn these spaces into usable rooms. But many of these spaces have ceilings lower than standard. A ceiling fan here may be dangerous.
- If waking up with sunshine is what will help you have a great day, you may want to think about bedrooms facing east.
- A living room patio, which is often used in the afternoon, may not be ideal in the west as the afternoon sun can be very harsh. On the other hand, it may be a mistake to forego the pleasant sea breeze from the west that many locations in Israel enjoy.
- As warm air rises and cooler air falls, tall, operable windows (especially in stairways) can help warm air escape and create a pleasant airflow.
- One rule of thumb that is helpful in determining the size of windows needed is that any space should have 10 to 15 percent of its area as glass. A room of ten square meters should have at least one to one and a half square meters of window. And as mentioned earlier, a taller window will give better ventilation (and will be a better source of light, too).
Exposures are not the only matter you need to consider in choosing or planning a home in Israel, but the correct choice of exposures can reduce energy bills and create a more natural, pleasant home environment.
This is based on an article that was posted on Buyitinisrael.com in 2015. Zev Shalev ז”ל contributed to this article.